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TPS | Throttle Position Sensor
The throttle position sensor (TPS) connects to the throttle blade shaft. The TPS is a variable resistor that provides the powertrain control module (PCM) with an input signal (voltage). The signal represents throttle blade position. As the position of the throttle blade changes, the resistance of the TPS changes. The PCM supplies approximately 5 volts to the TPS. The TPS output voltage (input signal to the powertrain control module) represents throttle blade position. The TPS output voltage to the PCM varies from approximately 0.40 volt at minimum throttle opening (idle) to a maximum of 3.80 volts at wide open throttle.
Along with inputs from other sensors, the PCM uses the TPS input to determine current engine operating conditions. The PCM also adjusts fuel injector pulse width and ignition timing based on these inputs.
Last modified on 2008-11-11 17:05:26